JPNLessonsOsaka Blog

What does “unzari” mean?


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The government decided to extend the state of emergency in Osaka again.

The word “unzari” means fed up with or sick and tired of something.

I have been hearing this word often during the pandemic.

Normaly うんざり sounds very strong, but it has been more than a year , so may be we can’t help using “unzari” these days.




Difference between particle “to” and “ya”


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Both と (to) and や ( ya ) connect nouns the way ” and ” in English does. Using と is for a list of all items, while や is for a sample of representative items. ” There are noun1 ‘ ya ‘ noun2 ” means “there are noun1, noun2, and other things.”


Sometimes you can add など ( nado ) after the last noun. など ( nado ) means etc., so you can emphasize that there are more items.



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The Japanese language is not so strict about pluralization as English is.

Normally the word ねこ which means cat , can be a cat, some cats or cats in general. There are some specific words and suffixes to pluralize nouns, but when you are a beginner please don’t worry too much about whether they are singular or plural.

ねこが好きです。  I like cats ( in general )

あそこにねこがいます。can be “there is a cat over there” or “there are some cats over there”.

友だちと学校へ行きます。 can be ” I go to school with my friend ” or ” I go to school with my friends.”

Sentence ending particle “yo”


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“Yo” indicates mild emphasis when the speaker is very sure of what she or he is saying.


This cookie is delicious. ( so I recommend this cookie. )

It is often used to convey informarion which the listener doesn’t know.

パーティは何時なんじからですか。→ 3時からですよ。

What time does the party start? → It starts at 3:00. 

You can use “yo” to get someone’s attention.

ばんごはんですよ!  Dinner’s ready!!

“Yo” can also be used when the speaker is making a judgment, so be careful not to put too much stress on it, and do not overuse it; otherwise you might sound aggressive.

Sentence ending particle “ne”


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” Ne ” indicates agreement, confirmation or sympathy.

暑いあつです。→ そうです 。 It is hot, isn’t it? → Yes, it is.( I think so, too )

レッスンは4月からです 。The lesson will start from April, am I right?

It can also soften a request.

また連絡れんらくしてください。また連絡して。 Please contact me again. (please keep in touch )

Sometimes the speaker will use ” ne ” in a monologue: in this case it indicates the speaker’s subjective reflection, trying to reach back into memories or thought.

日本にほんものなにがいちばんきですか。Among Japanese food, what do you like the best?

そうです…(Let me see…) おこのきが大好だいすきです。 I love Okonomiyaki.



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(  )に(はい)言葉(ことば)はどれですか。


(さつ)しか()っていません。(   )がありますか。


)1   大きいお金

2   細かいお金

3 細いお金

4   少ないお金





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